False or misleading information shared unintentionally by those unaware that the content is inaccurate or has been manipulated. Often spread rapidly through peer-to-peer networks.
False or misleading information created and shared deliberately with the intent to deceive. Often used to sow division, distrust, and confusion. A key element of online disinformation campaigns is the purposeful targeting of tailored information to specific groups of people in order to reinforce and/or polarize views.
A term that originally referred to false information posing as credible journalism, but has become politicized. Now often used to denounce information or news reports that one does not agree with.
Reports about current events that adhere to journalistic principles and standards so that the public is informed in a fair, independent, and accurate way. Journalistic news is different from opinion articles, sponsored content, or political advertisements.
Text, images, videos, audio, and any other type of content created and shared by individual users on online platforms. Often contains limited oversight and does not have to adhere to any particular set of guidelines.
Dialogue and debate on issues that affect all of us. Effective public discourse requires a shared set of facts and healthy public discourse includes a diverse range of voices.